Uri Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory helps to provide a context for child learning. Bronfenbrenner views the child in the center of four main systems. First comes the microsystem where children are constantly interacting with people at home, school, neighborhood, and religious settings. The second system is called the mesosystem, which connects all elements in the microsystem. The third system is the exosystem, and has an indirect effect the child (ex. Changes in school board policies). Finally, the macrosystem focuses on the overall views of development in a worldly cultural perspective (Cole, 2012, pg. 27-28).* The following sections focuses on the microsystem.
* Lightfoot, C., Cole, M., & Cole, S. R. (2012). The Development of Children, 7th edition, NY:Worth Publishers.